BRAIN ANEURYSM SYMPTOMS (CEREBRAL ANEURYSM)

BRAIN ANEURYSM SYMPTOMS (CEREBRAL ANEURYSM) Cerebral aneurysm is a dilation of the walls of cerebral artery resulting from weakness in the arterial wall, The most common site is in the anterior portion of the circle of Willis, usually at a vessel junction "Brain Aneurysm Symptoms ( Cerebral Aneurysm )". CAUSES / RISK FACTORS OF CEREBRAL ANEURYSM Congenital weakness of the arterial wall Hypertension Atherosclerosis Aging Coronary artery disease Pathophysiology Weakness  of the arterial wall predispose it to rupture. The rupture results in leakage of blood into the sub arachnoid space and into the brain tissue damage which is accompanied by severe headache and restlessness. "Brain Aneurysm Symptoms (Cerebral Aneurysm)".                                                        Clinical manifestation Severe headache Nuchal rigidity Pain on neck movement Photophobia Blurred vision Restlessness Elevated temperature Increased ICP Nausea, vomiting Diagnostic Evaluation Carotid angiography reveals a narrowing of the carotid artery CT Scan and MRI reveals the necrotic brain tissue "Brain Aneurysm Symptoms (Cerebral Aneurysm)". Management Drugs; medication include; Corticosteroids Osmotic Diuretics Anti convulsants Oral anti coagulants e.g. warfarin to prevent rupturing Antiplatelet agents Antihypentensives "Brain Aneurysm Symptoms (Cerebral Aneurysm)". Nursing management Encourage adequate rest Provide a balanced diet and assist the client with eating if necessary. Allow sufficient time meals, provide food that are easy to handle. Position the client to decrease discomfort Reduce external stimuli and excessive noise to reduce pain Teach and assist patient with range of motion exercise to help maintain muscle tone and prevent contractures Encourage patient to wear single clothing that are not tight. Keep patient environment clear of obstacles for safety reason. Ensure effective communication techniques Prepare the patient for surgical intervention as appropriate Nursing Diagnosis Pain (headache) related to increase intra cranial pressure evidence by patient verbalization Anxiety related to symptoms evidence by restlessness Imbalanced nutrition less than body requirement related to nuchal rigidity and inability to swallow evidence by weight loss. Complications Increased ICP Hydrocephalus Sub arachnoid Haemorrhage Decreased level of consciousness "Brain Aneurysm Symptoms (Cerebral Aneurysm)".

BRAIN ANEURYSM SYMPTOMS (CEREBRAL ANEURYSM)

BRAIN ANEURYSM SYMPTOMS (CEREBRAL ANEURYSM) Cerebral aneurysm is a dilation of the walls of cerebral artery resulting from weakness in the arterial wall, The most <a  href=common site is in the anterior portion of the circle of Willis, usually at a vessel junction "Brain Aneurysm Symptoms ( Cerebral Aneurysm )". CAUSES / RISK FACTORS OF CEREBRAL ANEURYSM Congenital weakness of the arterial wall Hypertension Atherosclerosis Aging Coronary artery disease Pathophysiology Weakness of the arterial wall predispose it to rupture. The rupture results in leakage of blood into the sub arachnoid space and into the brain tissue damage which is accompanied by severe headache and restlessness. "Brain Aneurysm Symptoms (Cerebral Aneurysm)". Clinical manifestation Severe headache Nuchal rigidity Pain on neck movement Photophobia Blurred vision Restlessness Elevated temperature Increased ICP Nausea, vomiting Diagnostic Evaluation Carotid angiography reveals a narrowing of the carotid artery CT Scan and MRI reveals the necrotic brain tissue "Brain Aneurysm Symptoms (Cerebral Aneurysm)". Management Drugs; medication include; Corticosteroids Osmotic Diuretics Anti convulsants Oral anti coagulants e.g. warfarin to prevent rupturing Antiplatelet agents Antihypentensives "Brain Aneurysm Symptoms (Cerebral Aneurysm)". Nursing management Encourage adequate rest Provide a balanced diet and assist the client with eating if necessary. Allow sufficient time meals, provide food that are easy to handle. Position the client to decrease discomfort Reduce external stimuli and excessive noise to reduce pain Teach and assist patient with range of motion exercise to help maintain muscle tone and prevent contractures Encourage patient to wear single clothing that are not tight. Keep patient environment clear of obstacles for safety reason. Ensure effective communication techniques Prepare the patient for surgical intervention as appropriate Nursing Diagnosis Pain (headache) related to increase intra cranial pressure evidence by patient verbalization Anxiety related to symptoms evidence by restlessness Imbalanced nutrition less than body requirement related to nuchal rigidity and inability to swallow evidence by weight loss. Complications Increased ICP Hydrocephalus Sub arachnoid Haemorrhage Decreased level of consciousness "Brain Aneurysm Symptoms (Cerebral Aneurysm)"." width="300" height="188" />

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Cerebral aneurysm is a dilation of the walls of cerebral artery resulting from weakness in the arterial wall. The most common site is in the anterior portion of the circle of Willis, usually at a vessel junction "Brain Aneurysm Symptoms ( Cerebral Aneurysm )".

CAUSES / RISK FACTORS OF CEREBRAL ANEURYSM

  • Congenital weakness of the arterial wall
  • Hypertension
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Aging
  • Coronary artery disease

Pathophysiology

Weakness of the arterial wall predispose it to rupture. The rupture results in leakage of blood into the sub arachnoid space and into the brain tissue damage which is accompanied by severe headache and restlessness.

 

"Brain Aneurysm Symptoms (Cerebral Aneurysm)".

 

Clinical manifestation

  • Severe headache
  • Nuchal rigidity
  • Pain on neck movement
  • Photophobia
  • Blurred vision
  • Restlessness
  • Elevated temperature
  • Increased ICP
  • Nausea, vomiting

 

Diagnostic Evaluation

  • Carotid angiography reveals a narrowing of the carotid artery
  • CT Scan and MRI reveals the necrotic brain tissue

 

"Brain Aneurysm Symptoms (Cerebral Aneurysm)".

 

Management

Drugs; medication include;

  • Corticosteroids
  • Osmotic Diuretics
  • Anti convulsants
  • Oral anti coagulants e.g. warfarin to prevent rupturing
  • Antiplatelet agents
  • Antihypentensives

 

"Brain Aneurysm Symptoms (Cerebral Aneurysm)".

 

Nursing management

  • Encourage adequate rest
  • Provide a balanced diet and assist the client with eating if necessary. Allow sufficient time meals, provide food that are easy to handle.
  • Position the client to decrease discomfort
  • Reduce external stimuli and excessive noise to reduce pain
  • Teach and assist patient with range of motion exercise to help maintain muscle tone and prevent contractures
  • Encourage patient to wear single clothing that are not tight.
  • Keep patient environment clear of obstacles for safety reason.
  • Ensure effective communication techniques
  • Prepare the patient for surgical intervention as appropriate
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Nursing Diagnosis

  • Pain (headache) related to increase intra cranial pressure evidence by patient verbalization
  • Anxiety related to symptoms evidence by restlessness
  • Imbalanced nutrition less than body requirement related to nuchal rigidity and inability to swallow evidence by weight loss.

 

Complications

  • Increased ICP
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Sub arachnoid Haemorrhage
  • Decreased level of consciousness

"Brain Aneurysm Symptoms (Cerebral Aneurysm)".

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