Birth Control Options allows people to attain their desired number of children, prevent unwanted pregnancies and unwarranted abortions, and determine the spacing of pregnancies. It is achieved through use of the use of various methods.

What Is the History of Birth Control Options?

Birth Control Options /preventing pregnancy is as old as human existence. For centuries, humans have attempted to avoid pregnancy.

Dating back to 1850 BC, Ancient Egyptian writings referred to techniques using a device placed in a vagina of a woman , made of crocodile dung and fermented dough, which most likely created a hostile environment for sperm. Plugs of gum, honey, and acacia are items that can be placed in the vagina.

During the early second century in Rome, a highly acidic concoction of fruits, nuts, and wool was placed on the cervix as a type of spermicidal barrier.


"Birth Control Options/Contraceptive Methods"


Key facts

Statistically 214 million women that are of reproductive age in some developing countries who want to avoid pregnancy are not using a modern contraceptive method.

Contraception methods like Condoms, help prevent the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections

Birth Control Options minimizes the need for abortion, especially unsafe abortion.

Birth Control Options boosts the right of people to determine the number and spacing of their children.

Prevention of unintended pregnancy, family planning prevents deaths of mothers and children.


Benefits of Birth Control Options


  1. It helps in preventing pregnancy related health problems in women
  2. It helps to prevent HIV/AIDS
  3. It helps to reduce death of children
  4. It helps family to space their children
  5. It helps to prevent unwanted pregnancies
  6. It empowers people through to make the right choice
  7. It helps to reduce the problems of unsafe abortion
  8. It ensures mothers live long enough to train up their children.



"Birth Control Options/Contraceptive Methods"



  • helps her to restore her health after delivery.
  • It gives more time and chance to love and provide attention to her husband and kids.
  • Provides enough time for her family and her own personal development.
  • In cases of an illness of the mother, it gives enough time for treatment and recovery process.


  • Healthy mothers produce healthy children.
  • The children will get all the necessary attention, security, love, and care they deserve.


  • This Lightens the burden and responsibility of the father in supporting the family.
  • Helps him to provide basic necessities for his children (food, education, shelter and better future).
  • It provides more time for his family and his own personal advancement.
  • In cases of illness, it gives more time for treatment and recovery.


"Birth Control Options/Contraceptive Methods"


Available Contraceptive methods

1) Long Acting Reversible Contraceptives (99% effective)

  • Intrauterine devices like copper IUD, hormonal IUD
  • Implants

2) Hormonal methods

  • Injectable birth control options like Depo Provera (Depo Medroxy-Progesterone Acetate,DMPA). It is given once every 3 months. Most individuals taking injectable birth methods should take calcium and vitamin supplements because it cause temporary loss of bone density. It is 94% effective.
  • Progestin only pills


"Birth Control Options/Contraceptive Methods"


3) Combined hormonal methods (91% effective)

These include

  • Combined oral contraceptive pills
  • Vaginal rings
  • Contraceptive patch

4) Barrier methods

  • Female condoms (85% effective)
  • Male condoms (85% effective)
  • Spermicides (71% effective)
  • Cervical caps (71-86% effective)
  • Diaphragms (88% effective)
  • Contraceptive sponges (76-88% effective)

5) Emergency contraception

Emergency contraception methods/family planning can be employed after unprotected intercourse or if the condom breaks. Examples include

  • Copper IUDs
  • Emergency contraceptive pills

6) Sterilization (99% effective)

Sterilization refers to a permanent contraceptive methods that either prevents a woman from getting pregnant or prevents a man from releasing sperm. Examples include

  • Tubal ligation
  • Sterilization implant
  • Vasectomy


"Birth Control Options/Contraceptive Methods"


7) Fertility Awareness methods (FAMs) - (76-78% effective)

FAMs are ways to track one`s ovulation and prevent pregnancy. It is also referred to as “rhythm method” or “natural family planning” or Examples include

  • Temperature method
  • Cervical mucus method
  • Calendar method

8) Withdrawal or “ the pull out method” (78% effective)

Pulling out (also known as withdrawal) is a way to prevent pregnancy by keeping semen away from the vagina through removal of the penis out of the vagina before ejaculation.

9) Breastfeeding (78% effective)

When done perfectly, it is an effective contraception methods. Breastfeeding is started immediately the baby is born, nursing the baby with breast milk only every 4 hours during the day, and every 6 hours during the night, for the next 6 months. When properly done, most women do not menstruate within this period,hence breastfeeding is also called “lactational amenorhoeal method” (LAM).


"Birth Control Options/Contraceptive Methods"


10) Abstinence and Outercourse (100% effective)

Abstinence is best describes as when you don’t have sex. Outercourse is other sexual activities besides vaginal sex. Outercourse/Sexual abstinence can possibly mean different things to different people.



Considering the Contraception Methods to use depends on several factors:

  1. Cost: Some contraception methods like FAMs, withdrawal method, LAM, and Abstinence attract zero cost to the user while others like IUDs and LARC might attract a fee.
  2. Effectiveness and maintenance : It is important to consider how effective a method is and also have an overview of the cost of maintenance before making a choice. Under normal circumstances, LARC and IUDs have low cost of maintenance.


"Birth Control Options/Contraceptive Methods"


III. Side effect profile: This is an important point to consider while choosing any birth control options because individuals concerned usually abandon any method when the side effects become unbearable. Some of the complaints include irregular menstrual bleeding, decreased bone density and possible fractures, weight gain, acne, heavy menses, mood changes. The side effects experienced by an individual might not be noticed by another. Thus , individuals should make informed decisions as to which methods to use.

  1. Any co-existing diseases: Heart diseases, diabetes ,hypertension, kidney diseases and liver diseases might have impact on the choice of method to use.
  2. Is it reversible or irreversible ? Individuals ,yet to complete their family, are strongly advised to choose a reversible contraception methods. In other words, individuals who still have the desire to conceive should avoid the irreversible method like sterilization.


The benefits of Birth Control Options/Contraceptive methods are so many. Summarily ,it leads to a happy family. Any further information regarding family planning should be sought for at a family planning centres, available at most health centres. In addition, most of the family planning services here are free of charge. Visit one today.


"Birth Control Options/Contraceptive Methods"


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