BLOUNT DISEASE TREATMENT ( Severe bow leg, Tibia Vara )



Blount disease is growth disorder of the the tibia ( shin bone ) causing the leg to angle inwards, resembling a bow leg. A Young infants normally have small amount of bowing. However , as most children begin to walk, between the ages of 1 and 2 years, the leg gradually straighten out.

In children with blount disease , the legs remain bowed or bows further. Blount disease is usually seen in children less than 4 years of age and in early adolescents.

Most of the children who receive early treatment respond well.


"Blount disease treatment"


Causes of Blount disease

The cause of Blount disease is unknown. However scientists believed it's a combination of several factors- genetic, environmental and mechanic factors .It is more common in girls. It might be inherited as an autosomal recessive disorder Because, blount disease develops when children begin walking at an early age, it is considered to be a contributing factor.

Blount disease is also common in overweight children and those with short stature. It is a very common in African population.


Clinical findings in Blount disease

Commonest complaint is bowing of the legs. It occurs below the knee and affects both legs, though, occasionally, in unequal proportion.

It may be associated with severe pains and discomfort on walking.



"Blount disease treatment"



Blount disease treatment

Treatment ranges from simple observation to surgery. Treatment rendered depends on the severity of the disease and the age of the child.

Blount disease should be managed by a specialist(orthopedic surgeon).


If mild bowing occur in a child less than 2 years, treatment is usually observation by the orthopedic surgeon. Most times, it corrects as the child gets older.

If bowing of the legs worsens or involves a child 2-4 years of age, special orthopedic braces designed by the orthopedic surgeon will help. The child is then followed up with x- rays to monitor improvement.

Surgery might be the best treatment in severe bowing; children 3-4 years: and in children whom simple observation and orthopedic braces have not been effective.

Surgery is also considered the option in adolescents.


"Blount disease treatment"


Additional information on "Blount disease treatment"

Early treatment of Blount disease gives good outcome.

Management usually involves frequent visits to the doctor

Parents of those children involved should be given necessary encouragement and support.



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